Sunday, September 15, 2013

What you should know about good and bad Cholesterol



What do you understand by  Cholesterol

Cholesterol  levels is a wax-like material your whole body uses to protect nerve , make cell tissues and produce certain hormones. Your liver organ makes all the cholesterol your human demands. Your whole body also gets cholesterol directly from the food you eat (such as egg, foods and milk products). Too much cholesterol can have negative effects on your health.

What is the distinction between “good” cholesterol levels and “bad” cholesterol?
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) is often known as “bad” cholestrerol levels. It provides cholestrerol levels to one's human body. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is often known as “good” cholestrerol levels. It eliminates cholestrerol from the blood vessels.

This explains why too much LDL cholesterol is bad for the body, and why a high level of HDL cholesterol is good. For example, if your total cholesterol level is high because of a high LDL level, you may be at higher risk of heart disease or stroke. But, if your total cholesterol level is high only because of a high HDL level, you're probably not at higher risk.

Triglycerides are another type of fat in your blood. When you eat more calories than your body can use, it turns the extra calories into triglycerides. When you change your lifestyle to improve your cholesterol levels, you want to lower LDL, raise HDL and lower triglycerides.

What should my cholesterol levels be?
Total cholesterol level

Less than 200 is best.
200 to 239 is borderline high.
240 or more means you're at increased risk for heart disease.
LDL cholesterol levels

Below 100 is ideal for people who have a higher risk of heart disease.
100 to 129 is near optimal.
130 to 159 is borderline high.
160 or more means you're at a higher risk for heart disease.
HDL cholesterol levels

Less than 40 means you're at higher risk for heart disease.
60 or higher greatly reduces your risk of heart disease.
Triglycerides

Less than 150 mg/dL is best